NEW YORK YANKEES MAKE PROGRESS
On July 19, 1950: The New York Yankees signed their first black players, Elston Howard and Frank Barnes. Five years earlier the Brooklyn Dodgers, another native team, signed Jackie Robinson, breaking the baseball color line for the first time in six decades when Robinson debuted on first base in 1947. The Yankees’ signing of Howard and Barnes reflected the change in attitude towards integration in baseball. Barnes was traded away before he had a chance to play for the Yankees but Howard played his first of twelve seasons for the team in 1955.
July 19, 1961: Actor, director, and producer Campbell Scott was born. Scott had his breakout role in the 1990 New York-centric film Longtime Companion, the first widely-released film to deal with the AIDS crisis. He continued to act, starring alongside Julia Roberts and Bridget Fonda, before diving into the directing world with Stanley Tucci for the critically acclaimed film Big Night.
SUBWAYS RECEIVED A BREATH OF FRESH AIR
On July 19, 1967: The first air-conditioned subway cars went into service on the F train. Every New Yorker knows the soul-crushing misery that hits you when you walk into an un-airconditioned car in July, but before 1967 that was the only option. Even after the introduction of A/C on the F line, a vast majority of the subway system remained stuffy until at least the 1980s.